HOUSE MOUSE

APPEARANCE:

The house mouse is light brown to gray and reaches 3 ½ inches in length; its tail is as long as its body. The house mouse has a pointed nose and large ears. Mice are a type of rodent and are characterized by having two incisors which must be kept short by gnawing as they grow continuously.

HABITS:

Mice can enter a home or building through a crack as small as 1/4 inch. Although it is more common to find them nesting and living outdoors, it is common for them to stay in buildings and properties if there is adequate food and water as well as conditions that are ideal for nesting.

The damage done by mice is far out of proportion to their small size since they like to “nibble” on numerous items. When feeding, a single mouse can contaminate many packages of food by gnawing and also by depositing urine and fecal droppings on them. They can also cause major structural damage and gnaw on electrical wires. Mice, like other rodents, are known vectors of many serious health conditions including Salmonellosis and dysentery. Getting rid of mice is very difficult as they are naturally shy creatures and tend to be most active at night.

DIET:

Mice eat almost anything constantly. They eat any kind of fruit, vegetables and grains from plants. They need at least 15 grams of food and 15-millilitre water everyday. They have large incisor teeth, which grow continuously. Mice need to gnaw something in order to prevent over damaging. Therefore, they can cause greater damages to grains and plants.

LIFE CYCLE:

The life span of mice is normally one to three years. They become sexually mature within 4 to 7 weeks. The young are born about 19 days after breeding and mature rapidly. A single female may have as many as eight litters per year, averaging five to six young each. The birth weight of a baby mouse is 1 to 1.5 grams. By three months the young are independent and capable of reproduction. Mice can survive outdoors during the winter under certain conditions, but generally invade buildings when the weather turns cold.

PREVENTION TIPS:

Trimming trees and bushes so that their branches do not touch or come into contact with your home can help prevent mouse problems. Also sealing any holes or cracks around your foundation can deter these rodents. If mice have infested your property, call adams Pest Control as soon as you spot them to prevent a larger mouse infestation.

48-deer-mouseDEER MOUSE

APPEARANCE:

These mice have white feet, usually white undersides, and brown or black fur. Their bicolored tails are relatively long and can be as long as the head and body.

In comparison to House mice, deer mice have larger eyes and ears. They are considered by most people to be more “attractive” than house mice, and they do not have the characteristic mousy odor of house mice.

HABITS:

Deer mice can enter penetrations and vents in the home, but may also build nests in residential yards near sheltered areas. Deer mice have a greater tendency to cache food supplies, such as acorns, seeds or nuts, than do house mice. Nests, droppings, and other signs left by these mice are similar to those of house mice. Deer mice are uncommon in urban or suburban residential areas unless there is considerable open space, such as fields and parks nearby. Nests consist of stems, twigs, leaves, roots of grasses and other fibrous materials. They may be lined with fur, feathers or shredded cloth. The deer mouse often builds its nest underground in cavities beneath the roots of trees or shrubs, beneath a log or board, or in a burrow made by another rodent. Sometimes deer mice nest in aboveground sites such as a hollow log or fencepost, or in cupboards and furniture of unoccupied buildings.

PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THIS PEST:

The principal problem caused by deer mice is HANTAVIRUS, which is responsible for an adult respiratory distress syndrome, leading to several deaths throughout North America. The source of the disease is thought to be through human contact with urine, feces or saliva from infected rodents. If you chose to vacuum these droppings, it is important to have a HEPA filter to prevent sending the bacteria airborne.

Their tendency to enter homes, cabins and other structures that are not rodent-proofed is also a major problem. It is in these places that they build nests, store food and can cause considerable damage to upholstered furniture, mattresses, clothing, paper or other materials that they find suitable for their nest-building activities. Deer mice can chew through wiring, posing a significant threat of fire and is a general nuisance. Deer mice occasionally dig up and consume newly planted seeds in gardens, flowerbeds and field borders. Their excellent sense of smell makes them highly efficient at locating and digging up buried seed.

LIFE CYCLE:

Litter size varies from 1 to 8 young, but is usually 3 to 5. Females may have from 2 to 4 or more litters per year, depending on climate. Mated pairs usually remain together during the breeding season but may take new mates in the spring if both survive the winter. If one mate dies, a new one is acquired. Family groups usually nest together through the winter. They do not hibernate but may become torpid for a few days when winter weather is severe.

DIET:

Deer mice are primarily seed eaters. Frequently they will feed on seeds, nuts, acorns and other similar items that are available. They also consume fruits, insects and insect larvae, fungi and possibly some green vegetation. They often store quantities of food near their nest sites, particularly in the fall when seeds, nuts, or acorns are abundant.

PREVENTION TIPS:

Should you suspect deer mice, it’s best to call a rodent control professional due to the possibility of hantavirus. Respirators equipped with HEPA filters and unvented protective goggles are just some of the specialized rodent control equipment needed to avoid contamination. Never sweep or vacuum deer mouse droppings, and avoid dust and debris in mouse activity areas. To prevent deer mice from entering or returning to your home, make sure all holes and cracks larger than a pencil are sealed. Proper drainage at the foundation of your home is key to rodent control; always install diverts or gutters that channel water away from your home.

 

rat_6RATS

APPEARANCE:

Rats are long tailed rodents, larger than mice and have scaly tails. Their bodies are roughly 6-8 inches long and their tales almost as long as their bodies. They can be gray, black or brown in colour and have smaller eyes(poor vision) and ears.

HABITS:

Rats memorize their environments by muscular movements. They have a flexible body and they squeeze in through tiny holes and climb vertical surfaces. They are tough animals and have the capacity to survive in difficult situations. They can chew through live electrical cables, have the capacity to kill another animal that is twice their size and can burrow the earth and swim at least a mile. 
They hide from the notice of their predators by digging into the earth long tunnels. They can dig vertically down into the ground easily up to 5 feet. They climb walls and run over cable lines effortlessly. Falling from a height of 60 feet does not harm the rat. Food contamination by their urine and feces is one of the major problems humans face with rats. Rats contaminate huge percentages of agricultural produce each year and have been known to contaminate many different food items.

Rats are among the few animals that laugh to express joy, but the laugh is not audible to human ears. 
Rats are enormous carriers of many different diseases, and it has been reported that rats bite more than fifteen thousand people per year involving very young, old or incapacitated. Some of the diseases caused by rats are bubonic plague, salmonella, leptospirosis, hantavirus and tularemia.

LIFE CYCLE:

Rats are quick reproducers and It is important to eradicate them, as they are able to multiply quickly. Rats do not have a particular breeding season. However, if the climate is too hot or too cold breeding can be reduced. The female rat can reproduce four times in a year. She can give birth to an average of six pups every time. The gestation period lasts for three weeks and it can get pregnant again after a few days of giving birth. A female rat reaches the menopause stage at the age of eighteen months and her cycle becomes irregular after that. If it becomes pregnant during this stage, the size of litter decreases significantly.

DIET:

Rats will consume meats, fruits, grain and nuts. Dead animals also serve as a food source for them and they are capable of catching small fish and rodents. They require water to drink and they make their colony as close to a water source as possible. Norway rats live in communities with one dominant member.

PREVENTION TIPS:

Keep firewood stored well away from the structure. Remove debris piles. Seal any holes larger then 1/4 inch. Remove moisture and harbourage sources, such as storage boxes and loose items that could be used for nesting materials. A pest management professional can set up a baiting and monitoring program, incorporating habitat modification and exclusion techniques for optimum suppression of problem activity and future prevention.

 

Adam’s Pest Control can help you get rid of rodents using the latest methods, we offer 24-hour emergency service. Having problems with rodents? Contact our Halifax Pest Control Team Today!

or to book your free inspection with an Adams technician today, call 902-220-4003.