cluster-fly1CLUSTER FLIES

APPEARANCE:

They are black with short, yellow hairs on their thorax and wings that overlap while resting. Adult cluster flies, which are a little larger than common houseflies, range in size from 3/8 to 1/2 an inch long.

HABITS:

Cluster flies survive winter by hibernating inside wall void and attics of homes and other buildings. They enter through foundation cracks, gaps in siding, attic vents and other small openings in the early fall. They remain mostly dormant over the winter but are likely to be annoying on warm, sunny winter days when some become active.

DIETS:

Adults feed on flowers, the young feed on earthworms.

PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THIS PEST:

Cluster flies are primarily a nuisance and do not cause any harm to people or property.

LIFE CYCLE:

After mating in the spring, the female lays her eggs in cracks in the soil. Hatching in about 3 days, The larval stage is parasitic, entering earthworms and feeding on them until the larva emerges as an adult cluster fly. The developmental time from egg to adult is 27 – 39 days. There may be two to four generations of flies in one year.

PREVENTION TIPS:

Preventing cluster flies is not easy but sealing cracks, holes and openings that lead inside can help. The most effective way to control cluster flies is by contacting a professional pest control company. If cluster flies have infested your home or business, call adams Pest Control as soon as you spot them to prevent a larger fly problem.

housefly_white_background02HOUSE FLIES

APPEARANCE:

Houseflies are about 1/8 -1/4 inch long. The eyes of houseflies are reddish and their abdomen is grey or yellowish in colour with irregular dark markings on sides. The female houseflies are larger than males. They can also be differentiated by the larger space between their red compound eyes.

HABITS:

The houseflies are active during sunny days, but they do not prefer artificial lights. They take rest at night in the ceiling hangings or in the corner of the rooms. They have a keen sense of smell, eyesight and curiosity, which lead them to find out every spot or even a bit of spilled food.

PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THIS PEST:

Generally considered a nuisance pest, some flies carry viruses and bacteria and spread diseases, the most common being malaria.
 They swarm on dairy animals posing great threat to their lives. Their omnivorous feeding nature enables them to carry disease causing bacteria from dung heaps and fecal deposits to the food prepared for humans. They can transmit organisms effecting bovine mastitis and such other organisms that produce enteric diseases in humans.

LIFE CYCLE:

The average lifespan of houseflies is 15 to 25 days. Despite this shortest lifespan, they are in large numbers, as they reproduce several hundreds of eggs fast. Each female housefly can lay about 500 eggs in her lifetime.

DIET:

They feed on sugar, flour and pollen by liquefying the solid food with their saliva. This unique feature of the housefly is that it reiterates partly digested matter and then passes it to the abdomen.

PREVENTION TIPS:

There are several methods for eliminating flies. One of the best methods is to keep them out with the help of a screen. Use screens for both windows and doors, whether they are being used or not. You have to ensure there are no gaps through which flies can enter your home. They thrive in manure, animal materials and garbage. Compost piles that are not properly managed are breeding grounds for flies. It is possible to sanitize the breeding sites to eradicate flies. Removing any organic waste regularly can limit the breeding areas of houseflies. Garbage should be kept in containers with tight-fitting lids. Lack of sanitation can attract houseflies and they easily access to building where the sanitary measures are not taken properly.

wpa53774b7FRUIT FLIES

APPEARANCE:

Adults are about 1/8 inch in length and the colour varies between tan, brownish, or brownish-black. They are Tiny flies with red eyes.

HABITS:

Fruit flies are drawn to fresh fruit and vegetables or where there is plenty of moisture and yeast. They quickly develop in over-ripe fruit, various foods, dirty mops, vegetable bins, floor drains or bottoms of trash cans if their is fermenting liquids.

PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THIS PEST:

Fruit flies are dangerous as they carry harmful bacteria and contaminate the food.Fruit fly is the smallest fly found in homes. Though it does not cause harmful effects directly, people who eat the fruit infested with fruit fly larvae can get intestinal discomfort and diarrhea. Sanitation is the primary requirement to prevent the infestation of fruit flies.

DIET:

It breeds and feeds in ripened fruits and vegetables as well as moist decaying organic matter.

LIFE CYCLE:

Adult females lay an average of 500 eggs near the surface of fermenting fruits and vegetables. Usually found under garbage lining and/or garbage disposal.The eggs hatch in approximately 30 hours. The cycle from egg to adult is complete in as little as 8 days.

PREVENTION TIPS:

Fruit flies removal should involve keeping your home clean and sanitized all the time. Empty the garbage bin as many times as possible. Ensure you do not leave bits of fruits or other eatables lying around. Ensure you dispose of the old rags on a periodical basis. As you disturb the garbage or fruit coTo control fruit files, you can pour household cleaner or even hot water in the drain. After doing this, it is important to cover the drain and leave it overnight. This will eradicate these pests to a certain extent. It is also vital keeping the drain covered every night in order to avoid another infestation.

*A great home remedy for catching fruit flies is mixing apple cider vinegar in a glass with a dash of dish soap, cover lid with a plastic saran wrap and poke several holes in the top. A clear glass works best as you can see the results as they enter the glass.

phorid-flyPHORID FLIES

APPEARANCE:

These small flies are about 1/64 – 1/4 inch in length. Look similar to a fruit fly but do NOT have red eyes.

HABITS:

These flies are frequently found around flowers and moist decaying matter, although they can be found throughout the house. Several species have the common name of the coffin fly, because they breed in human corpses. The larvae breed in a numerous variety of locations, such as dung, fungi, decaying plant matter, drain pipes, etc…

PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THIS PEST:

The larvae have been found in the open wounds of patients in nursing homes and hospitals which causes serious risk of infection. Fermenting materials such as fruit, dirty garbage containers, rotten vegetables or organic deposits in drains are just a few of their favourite breeding and feeding places. Other unusual sites include poorly stored meats, damaged containers of moist foods, and organic-based glues and paints causing contamination.

LIFE CYCLE:

The female lays between 1 to 100 eggs in or on the larval food. She can lay up to 749 eggs in her lifetime. The time it takes from egg to adult vary on the species, but the average is about 25 days.

DIET:

Most commonly they feed on decaying organic matter.

PREVENTION TIPS:

The only effective, long-lasting method of managing this fly is to eliminate all observed as well as potential breeding sites through the use of thorough sanitation and moisture control.

 

Adam’s Pest Control can help you get rid of flies using the latest methods, we offer 24-hour emergency service. Having problems with flies? Contact our Halifax Pest Control Team Today!

or to book your free inspection with an Adams technician today, call 902-220-4003.