Carpenter_ant_Tanzania_cropCARPENTER ANTS

APPEARANCE:

Carpenter ant workers vary greatly in size, measuring 1/8 to 1/2 inch long. Queen ants measure 1/2 to 3/4 inch long. The most common colour is black, but some species may be red and black, solid red, or brown.

HABITS:

Inside, Carpenter Ants can be found in moist, decaying or hollow wood, insulation, and wall voids. Outside, Nests are typically located in rotting fence posts, stumps, fallen trees, old firewood, dead portions of standing trees, and under stones and rotting logs. The presence of a carpenter ant nest is sometimes indicated by a rustling sound coming from wall voids or from wood where the colony is located.

Another indication of where a nest is located might be sawdust left behind, often located near a baseboard. These ants usually enter buildings and structures through cracks around doors, windows, or through any gaps along exterior walls such as holes for wiring or plumbing. Any foliage or tree limbs touching a house provide bridges for carpenter ants to crawl along to reach areas above ground. The workers forage for distances of up to 300 feet from the nest.

DIET:

Carpenter ants do not eat wood but feed primarily on insects, plants and fruit juices. Inside, they will also feed on sweets, eggs, meats and nearly anything people eat.

LIFE CYCLE:

Carpenter ants are social insects, living in colonies. Within the colony, winged reproductives are not produced until the colony is established, which takes about 2 to 3 years. There is usually only one functional queen per colony. The Queen lays 15 to 20 eggs the first year and up to 30 eggs the second year. Eggs complete their life cycle in about 60 days. An average colony contains between 2,000-3,000 ants.

PREVENTION TIPS:

Because carpenter ants require a water source, eliminate sources of moisture or standing water. All branches of trees and shrubs in contact with the building must be trimmed back. One should check where electrical and water lines enter the building and caulk any gaps. Also, Make sure that fire wood and building materials are not stored next to your home.

 

pavement-ant-illustration_465x384PAVEMENT ANTS

APPEARANCE:

Pavement ants vary in size from roughly 1/16 to 1/8 inch long. Pavement ants are identified by the parallel grooves that run along the head and thorax. The colour of the pavement ant will vary from dark brown to black.

HABITS:

This ant gets its name from its preference for nesting in and under cracks in the pavement. Most colonies are located under sidewalks, building slabs, and large rocks. Entrances to their underground nests often resemble volcano-like mounds. These Ants enter buildings through cracks in foundation walls and interior slabs. Though they usually nest outdoors, significant activity can occur in the home from foraging workers. Pavement ants will also nest in walls, under floors and insulation in homes, and are of particular concern in homes with a slab foundation. It is common to see sand piles and small soil particles in structures near cracks in concrete slabs or at the top of foundation walls where the ants deposit debris from excavated nests. Similar piles are seen in the warmer months at the cracks in sidewalks.

DIET:

Pavement ants feed on a wide variety of food. Sweets, including sugar, nectar, fruits, and syrups are readily taken. Grease, dead insects, and small seeds also are collected and stored in the nest. Nearly any morsel of food that falls to the floor will be consumed.

LIFE CYCLE:

Winged reproductive ants typically swarm in the spring but have been known to emerge any time of the year in heated structures. It is not uncommon to see swarming in late fall and into February even in colder climates. After emergence, the ants mate and the queens burrow into the soil to begin laying eggs. The queen produces 5 to 20 eggs per day. Worker ants develop over a two-to-three-month period.

PREVENTION TIPS:

Most types of ants, are attracted to moisture, so elimination of any standing water is essential. Keep tree branches and other plants cut back from the house. Make sure that there are no cracks or little openings around your house. In addition, if build-up of food material such as grease, meat product, sweet substances, bread and other similar organic residue, these conditions need to be cleaned and removed.

 

pharoah-antsPHARAOH ANTS

APPEARANCE:

Pharaoh ants are very small—about 1/16-inch long. The are Light yellow to red with black markings on the abdomen. Their thorax is typically darker, helping to locate the ant.

HABITS:

Relies on artificial heating in buildings to survive. Infestations commonly occur in food service areas. Will nest in any well-protected and hidden areas throughout a structure. Can also nest outdoors in lawns or gardens. One of the most persistent and difficult ants to control. A colony of Pharaoh ants will scatter if a toxic substance disturbs it. This creates multiple problems where there had been only one. Very large colonies with up to several million workers and thousands of queens.

DIET:

Food of all types, but especially sweets. Will also eat other insects.

LIFE CYCLE:

Grows from egg to adult in about 45 days. Females live as long as 39 weeks and can lay about 400 eggs. Workers only live up to 10 weeks.

PREVENTION TIPS:

Most types of ants, are attracted to moisture, so elimination of any standing water is essential. Make sure that there are no cracks or little openings around your house. Liquids, aerosol and dusts are NOT to be used by the homeowner after our service as this will cause the colony to split, making the infestation more difficult to control.

Adam’s Pest Control can help you get rid of ants using the latest methods, we offer 24-hour emergency service. Having problems with ants? Contact our Halifax Pest Control Team Today!

or to book your free inspection with an Adams technician today, call 902-220-4003.